For direct purchase of Monero with fiat currencies there are now multiple options:
Livecoin - Online Exchange supporting Wire transfer (SWIFT) and other options
Coincut - Online Exchange allowing purchase by GBP Bank transfer
Bitfinex - US dollar USD wire transfer disabled
LiteBit - Online Exchange supporting multiple fiat purchase options including SEPA ...
You can see the total daily volume on non-p2p exchanges and broken down market here:
Over the last 24 hours the total volume was about 316 BTC or 207k USD, with most of that concentrated at poloniex.
There is one p2p trading service that you can check the volume on - bitsquare, but I don't think they're ...
Adding to the list:
https://monerodirect.com - buy Monero with Euro, GBP, or USD. (We can add other currencies if there's sufficient demand.)
Disclaimer: In addition to being a contributor to the Monero codebase, I am one of the directors of MoneroDirect.
The Monero analog of LocalBitcoins.com
First on the market!
On LocalMonero.co you are dealing with humans. Unlike centralized cryptocurrency exchanges, you make a trade directly with another person. This makes the process lean and fast, as there is no corporate overhead. You get your Monero instantly. Also, LocalMonero.co can ...
How does MoneroClub work?
It basically is similiar to LocalBitcoins. However, MoneroClub works more like a bulletin board, where buyers and sellers can find, and subsequently contact, eachother. From MoneroClub's website:
MoneroClub is localized peer to peer (P2P) exchange platform for Monero (XMR).
Compared to typical exchanges, MoneroClub is ...
updated answer (Sept 2016) since there are new fiat <-> crypto exchanges available:
buy/sell Monero with fiat using SEPA/PayPal:
buy/sell Monero with Cash:
Most of the volume $100k+ is on https://poloniex.com/exchange#btc_xmr
There is like $1-10k volume daily over on https://bittrex.com/Market/Index?MarketName=BTC-XMR
You can see a quick total daily volume at http://coincap.io/XMR
or for more details check out http://coinmarketcap.com/currencies/monero/#markets
If you create a coin, people will mine it. Once they mine it, they will get coins as a reward. You then have to negotiate with exchanges to list your coin or in a best case scenario they will list the coin for free.
After they list the coin, people can buy / sell them.