I can only speak for Tor: using torsocks can make monerod connect to other nodes via the Tor network.
This will run monerod with Tor:
DNS_PUBLIC=tcp torsocks monerod --p2p-bind-ip 127.0.0.1 --no-igd
If you cannot connect your wallet (which should not use Tor), you may need to add TORSOCKS_ALLOW_INBOUND. Apparently, different systems may or may not need ...
We don't log download stats from downloads.getmonero.org on purpose, but even if we did the stats would be skewed. Windows users, for instance, will almost unilaterally download a binary. A large portion of Linux users, on the other hand, will compile from source.
The only way to get this sort of breakdown would be to capture stats on all possible sources, ...
Downloads, attempts to build from source, VPS use, and mining do not not necessarily equate to OS usage. The Monero network does not reveal the OS of nodes submitting transactions.
However, it is very likely that there are far more Linux users (as a percentage of total users) as compared to most other Bitcoin based cryptocurrencies which have a easy to use ...
A VPS would likely have more uptime than a personal computer. Also, if you were running a business to accept Monero, you could scale up your capabilities.
You would also not use any local bandwidth with a VPS.
As to node efficiency, there would be no difference between a VPS and a local installation.
You can easily test via the daemon RPC interface. Assuming default ports used, you can browse to:
Replacing x.x.x.x with your servers IP address. This will return some JSON like follows if the node is up and there are no firewalls blocking it:
A home computer will have the benefit of being under your control. The VPS provider could decide to shut off your VPS for no reason whatsoever. Also, most VPS providers have limits on bandwidth, while many home internet providers do not. Additionally, with a node at home, you don't need to worry about any additional security measures if you want to connect a ...
If you update to the coming release, and if the remote node you're using is using a recent daemon (the one that'll come with that release), the bandwidth will be much less when refreshing the wallet.
For current blocks (ie, after the ringct change), the bandwidth should be less than 5% what it was.
There are benefits and drawbacks to both.
A VPS typically has faster speeds and more reliable uptime. You can purchase a VPS with no network limit. This greater speed benefits the network. However, it does less to decentralize the network than a home node.
A home node is typically on a slower network, and these sometimes have bandwidth limits. Please check ...
The difference is likely the availability of AES-NI:
grep aes /proc/cpuinfo
Some VM configurations may not allow use of the underlying AES-NI instructions by VMs.
Less likely, it could be the lack of L3 cache memory (Cryptonight needs 2 MB cache per mining thread for good performance).
You can't efficiently mine using a chip that doesn't support AES-NI.
Verify that the current CPU has the AES instruction set using the following command:
grep -m1 -o aes /proc/cpuinfo
If it supports AES-NI, your output will be "aes" . If it doesn't output anything, you can't mine on your Raspberry Pi using cpuminer.
What is the CPU in your system?
That miner is no longer supported.
Perhaps use this this: CPUMiner-Muli
Read the build instructions to build it for your *nix
Download the miner
$ git clone https://github.com/tpruvot/cpuminer-multi
If using Ubuntu do
$ apt-get install automake autoconf pkg-config libcurl4-openssl-dev libjansson-dev ...
If you want to join a specific pool for example monerol.com, you can go to its getting started page which is http://monerol.com/#getting_started
As you can see there are many ways to connect to the pool just select the mining app of your choice. Normally, a VPS does not have GPU so select the one that support CPU mining. For example you can use minerd like ...
It took mine around 5-7 hours - it does take time! If it appears stuck just type exit then start it up again, it will resume where it left off. If it continues to be stuck check:
that port 18080 (default) is open (http://ismyportopen.com/) It should be if you already synced some data, but just rule that out.
you have not exceeded your VPS storage allotment. ...