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Once the blockchain synchronization was complete, I wrote the command

start_mining my local/remote wallet address [threads=number of threads I wish to use]

for starting the mining process. I specified 3 in the number of threads I wanted to use for mining but after executing the command the terminal says

Mining has started with 1 threads, good luck!

Miner thread was started [0]

So although I have mentioned to use 3 of the 4 threads of my processor for mining, it shows the above message for initializing 1 thread only. I do not understand that. 35 blocks have been mined since the time I have started the mining process but still after refreshing my wallet, the balance has not changed even in fraction. My starting balance was 0.000000000000 [12 decimals] and I expected my balance to be at least 0.000000000001 after 35 blocks have been mined on the blockchain because I am also a part of the network now contributing my hash power to it. Is it normal? I used to get better rewards on the Minergate pool than what I am now getting when I'm running a full node. Please explain like I'm five. Don't the miners get rewards in fractions (like in pools)? Do the miners get reward only when they mine a complete block. This is the first cryptocurrency for which I am running a full node. I am mining on CPU as I do not have a graphic card.

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    If others found the 35 blocks, those others got the block reward. If you want a pro rata payout, mine on a pool, not solo. As for the number of threads, I think you enter the actual "threads=" string. Don't. Use: start_mining 4xxxxx 3. Last, please use a few seconds to work a suitable title. – user36303 Aug 20 '16 at 22:57
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    The current block reward for XMR is 5.48. So what I understood from your point is that either I will get 5.48 XMR on mining a complete block or I will not get anything. Solo mining is not like mining in pools where a person gets rewards in fractions regularly? Am I correct? @user36303 – GypsyCosmonaut Aug 20 '16 at 23:29
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    You are correct about solo/pool, but the block reward is more like 11.x right now. – user36303 Aug 21 '16 at 8:21
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    @GypsyCosmonaut your blockreward is correct for 1 minute blocks, however the blocktime has been changed to 2mins a while ago, so you just have to double your number for the correct block reward – stke Aug 21 '16 at 10:00
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    My source is the bitmonerod daemon running now: print_block 1118181, and add up the coinbase outputs. whattomine.com probably missed what stke mentioned. – user36303 Aug 21 '16 at 10:54
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First and foremost, note that CryptoNight uses 2 MB per cache. Thus, the optimal number of threads is total amount (in MB) of cache divided by 2. If you want to start solo mining and specify the number of threads it can be done as follows:

start_mining [<number_of_threads>]

Note that if this command is entered in simplewallet, it will mine to the address of that particular wallet. If you want to mine to a different address, the command is as follows:

start_mining <address> [<number_of_threads>]

If you enter the command the brackets should be removed from the number_of_threads. Thus, a valid command would be:

start_mining 44AFFq5kSiGBoZ4NMDwYtN18obc8AemS33DBLWs3H7otXft3XjrpDtQGv7SqSsaBYBb98uNbr2VBBEt7f2wfn3RVGQBEP3A 2

Is it normal?

This is the difference between pool mining and solomining. With pool mining, you represent a share of the total hashrate of the pool. If the pool hashrate is relatively large, in case of MinerGate, it will find blocks relatively often. That is, if MinerGate has about 20% of the total hashrate, every one in five blocks, on average, should be found by the pool. Given that you contributed to this hashrate with your share (i.e. your own hashrate), you should expect small "balance updates" every one in five blocks. By contrast, with solomining your balance will only update if you find the block yourself. Given that your hashrate when solomining is much smaller than the total hashrate of a pool, it could take a while before you find a block and thus see your balance updated. If you possess 0.1% of the total hashrate and solomine, you should, on average, find a block once every thousand blocks.

In the end the rewards will probably be the same, but solomining with a lower hashrate will obviously have a lot more variance. However, with solomining you probably incur fewer fees.

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